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Protect your privacy online

Worried about online stalkers and targeted ads ? Here is the fix

Dashboard for Data Cards under GNU/LINUX

Missing dashboard for data cards under GNU/LINUX ? Modem Manager can help you with the missing feature

Dictionary Software for Windows & GNU/LINUX

Grab a dictionary software with 33 dictionaries for your Windows or GNU/LINUX system(s)

Share files in LINUX over network with Samba Server

Want to share your files with other computers on the network ? Samba Server allows you do that with ease across different operating systems

Make your NTFS partition accessible over network

Having troubles sharing your NTFS partition over a network ? You might have to check this out before you proceed

How to open LINUX's Ext filesystem in windows xp/7/8/8.1

I have always mounted the NTFS and FAT partitions in GNU/LINUX, but never the other way around - mounting EXT partitions in Windows. Searching for the solution, I stumbled upon Ext2Fsd, a project that aims at mounting the Ext partitions in Windows.


Installing Ext2Fsd :

  1. Download Ext2Fsd
  2. While installing, it will ask for an option to whether provide the support for writing data to Ext partitions. If you wish to enable write access to your EXT partition, then you can enable the options ( Even if this option is not selected, I was still able to write to the partitions, so i am not sure what these options are for)



  3. After installation has finished, open Ext2 Volume Manager - this will be used to manage mounting the Ext partitions

Mounting EXT Partitions :

  1. Then select the Ext partition that you wish to mount in Windows. As a note, the Ext4 partitions are listed as Ext3 in the Ext2 Volume Manager, but no problems in mounting them.

  2. Ext2 Volume Manager

  3. Right click the partition and select 'Ext2 Management'
  4. A box will pop up presenting you with the options to mount the Ext partition

  5. Mounting options

  6. If you want to only mount the partition with any drive letter, you can use the first option 'Automatically mount via Ext2Mgr'
  7. If you want to mount the partition with specific drive letter every time, you can use the second option 'Mountpoint for fixed disk, need reboot'
Ext 4 Partition mounted under Windows 8.1

More info :


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Micromax Canvas Win W121: Top 5 features you need to know

Micromax has become quite a popular manufacturer in the past few years and the android operating system has been of great help. They launched various android devices that were powerful and offered excellent value for money. Now they are going beyond android and are making a move towards windows phone. They recently launched two new windows phone devices and they seem to be quite impressive. The smartphones are Canvas Win W121 and Canvas Win W092. The Win W092 is priced lower though the price of Win W121 is quite affordable as well. We take a look at some of the features of the Canvas Win W121.
Micromax Canvas Win W121
Micromax Canvas Win W121

Impressive build quality
Micromax has really work on the quality of their devices in these years and this one doesn’t look or feel like a budget smartphone. It has got a slim profile with rounded corners that look nice. It features a metal frame which gives it a nice feel. The device is large with 5 inch display but it has been designed well so handling is not an issue here. You can easily hold and use the device using one hand only.
The device is light and the weight distribution is proper. This came as a relief as many earlier Micromax devices have been heavy in the upper half making them tough to handle. The back of this device feels premium as well due to the leather finish. There is no Micromax branding on the front face of the device and they have kept it to a minimum on the rear as well. The front has got three capacitive keys below the display and they haven’t gone for the virtual buttons like on Lumia 630. The volume button sits on left and power key on right of the device. There is no dedicated camera key.

HD display
The canvas Win W121 comes with an impressive HD display. It measures 5 inches and has a resolution of 720 x 1280 pixels. This gives you a pixel density of 294 pixels per inch. While this might not be a very impressive number for a mid-range device, for a budget device, it is. The display has got superb viewing angles and due to the high pixel density, it looks very crisp. The fonts look very clear and even the small texts are easily readable. The display does justice to the colourful interface of the windows phone. The contrast ratios are good so the blacks of windows phone look quite good as well. The colours are well saturated though they look a bit unnatural at times.
Micromax Canvas Win W121
Side View
Decent hardware
We wanted to write powerful hardware here but suddenly we realised that they sell octa core devices for just a few thousands more. The hardware isn’t very powerful but it isn’t a slouch either. The Qualcomm Snapdragon 200 chipset runs a quad core processor clocked at 1.2 GHz. It gets the Adreno 302 GPU and has got 1 GB of RAM. It comes with 8 GB of internal storage and supports micro SD cards up to 32 GB. The hardware is pretty good to ensure smooth operation.
The Lumia 630 which is available at a slightly higher price tag is the closest rival for this device. It features a better chipset and GPU but gets half the amount of RAM. This limits the number of apps you can run on your device. With the Micromax Canvas Win W121, you won’t have to worry. You can run almost all the apps available on windows app store.
The device offers most of the connectivity options you would need. It supports 3G networks with speeds up to 21 Mbps, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth 4.0 and micro USB 2.0. The device comes with support for dual SIM. That is a rare feature on windows devices and saves you the trouble of carrying multiple devices. You can have two sets of messaging and call apps for each SIM card. This would give you individual call logs, messages and speed dials. In case you find this too complicated, you can switch to a unified system as well. You get the usual list of sensors like proximity sensor, gravity sensor, light sensor and accelerometer.
Camera
Budget devices rarely come with good cameras. Well this isn’t exactly the case here. This device has got a pretty decent 8 megapixel camera. The camera quality is quite good even when shooting indoors. The photos don’t turn grainy until the light goes very low. Outdoor shots are quite impressive and the colours are replicated well. You don’t find a flash or front camera on low end Nokia Lumia devices but here they have provided a LED flash and a 2 megapixel front camera. The front camera is not very impressive and the images you click are grainy.
W121 Camera and LED Flash
8 MP Camera and LED Flash

Fresh Operating System
There are hardly any devices in the market right now that run the Windows Phone 8.1. This makes it quite an early player on this platform. While the operating system is very much similar to what we saw on the Lumia 630, you can’t have the Nokia Apps here. Thankfully they have decided not to add any of their domestic apps. You get Office 365 access on the device. For web browsing, you are short of options and would have to live with the Internet Explorer. Not that it is bad but we are so used to Chrome and Opera Mini that if feels a bit weird.

One thing that we surely missed here is the ‘Here Maps’. It is a Nokia app so you won’t be able to get it on this device. Nokia has got some other nice apps as well like the lenses. The app support is limited but you aren’t left out without the popular apps. Even the Instagram is here now after a long waiting. The experience of most of the apps is very different from their android counterparts and new users might take a while getting used to them.

About the author


The article has been written by Kundan Srivastava, who is passionate about technology. He's working at 91mobiles.com and writes about the latest in the tech domain, right from devices to innovations.

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How to install Tomboy Notes Taking App in Windows XP/7/8/8.1

What is Tomboy Notes ?

Tomboy Notes is a great notes taking application that is available for free of cost. It is the default notes taking application in most of the GNU/LINUX distributions.

Tomboy Notes

Features :

  • Notes Synchronization
  • Offline Notes
  • Export to HTML
  • Links to other Notes
  • Font Styling & Sizing
  • Export to Wordpress / Blogger (with add-in)
  • Automatically open the notes on specified date & time (with add-in)
  • Table of Contents (with add-in)
Tomboy Notes Screenshot

Installing Tomboy Notes in Windows :

  1. Install the latest .Net Framework (4.0 , at the very least) in your system
  2. Download & Install GTK# for .Net
  3. GTK# for .NET download
    GTK# for .Net

  4. Download the Gtk+ 2.x all-in-one bundle 2.24.10 or newer and extract it (e.g. to C:\GtkPlus)
  5. GTK+ Bundle Download
    Gtk+ 2.24.10 bundle

  6. Create an Environmental Variable named 'TOMBOY_PATH_PREFIX' with the value set to your GTK+ Extraction directory followed by /bin. For e.g. C:\GtkPlus\bin. You can create an Environmental Variable by 'Start Menu' -> Right Click 'Computer' -> Select 'Properties' -> 'Advanced System Settings' -> 'Advanced' tab -> 'Environmental Variables'
  7. Setting the environmental variable
    Environmental Variable for TOMBOY_PATH_PREFIX

  8. Now restart your system
  9. Then download and install the Tomboy Notes for Windows
That did take some work to get it installed, but you finally have it here. 

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How to create a system user in GNU/LINUX

Creating a system user in GNU/LINUX is a very easy task and now we are gonna see how to do it.



What is a System User ?

A System User is a user account that has no home directory or login options. So basically if you create a system user, it cannot be used to login into the system

See the video below for demonstration on what a system user is :
 
                            

Why is it needed ?

System Users are generally created by softwares for their own needs. But in some cases, if you install a software, you may need to create different users for different purposes.

For example, when I installed IBM DB2, it asked me for different usernames for different purposes. But those usernames must be unique. So will you go creating a normal user (with a home directory and present at login) for that ? If you do so, you will have unwanted login users and home directories. The same goes for when the softwares create their own users.

In such cases all you need to do is create a system user.

How to create a system user ?

A system user can be created using the following command :

sudo adduser --system --no-create-home --disabled-login username
Now you can use this system user for samba sharing ,etc...

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How to open magnetic links with any bittorrent application from google chrome on Linux

I have Ubuntu 14.04 installed on my system and the default bittorrent client that comes with it is Transmission Bittorrent client. I also have deluge installed in my system and am using it as the default client for torrent files (its my favo). But whenever i click on the magnetic links from google chrome, it only opens the Transmission Bittorrent client and not deluge.

Open magnetic link in chrome with deluge


This is because Google Chrome relies on a program called xdg-open to open these links.

What is xdg-open ?


Xdg-open is a tool for configuring the default applications for a user. So it opens a file / link with the user's preferred application. Google Chrome uses this Xdg-open to open the application for magnetic link. By default, you wouldn't have set any preferred application for the magnetic link, and so, the default bittorrent client is opened everytime you click on the magnetic link.

So how do i change it ?

Well, to open the magnetic link with deluge, you will have to do the following :

Open Terminal and type the following :

xdg-mime default deluge.desktop x-scheme-handler/magnet

Note: I have chosen to use Deluge as the default handler for the magnetic link types. However, you can use the desktop file of your favourite bittorrent client to open the magnetic links. You can find the desktop files under /usr/share/applications or ~/.local/share/applications

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Download multiple flavours of Ubuntu with minimal bandwidth consumption using Zsync

Very recently, Ubuntu 14.04 was released. And I wanted to download the different flavours of the Ubuntu GNU/LINUX. I was sighing as I had only a  really slow internet connection. And then came to know about Zsync . It really saves your bandwidth on downloading the different flavours of Ubuntu.


Ubuntu Flavours - Most prominent

Lets say, you have Ubuntu 14.04 ISO and want to download Ubuntu GNOME 14.04. What will you do ? Download both of them completely ? That would work great, if you've got plenty of Internet Speed and Unlimited Bandwidth and patience too. But for people like me, who have slow internet connection or limited bandwidth, we cannot afford to do so. So, using this method, you can save your bandwidth and time. When I downloaded Ubuntu GNOME with having Ubuntu ISO image already with me, only 25% of the Ubuntu GNOME ISO needed to be downloaded and the rest was taken from the Ubuntu ISO that I already had.

What is zsync ?

zsync is a file transfer program. It allows you to download a file from a remote server, where you have a copy of an older version of the file on your computer already. zsync downloads only the new parts of the file.

Installing Zsync :

If you are Ubuntu or Ubuntu derivates, then you can install Zsync from the repository by issuing the following command :
sudo apt-get install zsync
For all linux distros, you can download the tarball and install from it. Check out ZSync downloads page to know more.

Downloading different ubuntu flavours with Zsync :

Thus you have an ubuntu ISO image already, and using this, you'll download the rest of the flavours.
You can download the different flavours using the following steps :
  1. Download any one flavour first. This will act as the base for downloading others.
  2. Then head to the Ubuntu releases page.
  3. And pick your next flavour and the release to download
  4. Then copy the link address for the zsync file.
  5. Copy the Zsync file's address

  6. Open Terminal and type the following :
zsync <paste the zsync file link> -i <your base ISO file name>

For example,

zsync http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/kubuntu/releases/14.04/release/kubuntu-14.04-desktop-amd64.iso.zsync -i ubuntu-14.04-desktop-amd64.iso

Downloading with Zsync

Thats it, and after that you can also continue with the other flavours.

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New Features to look out on Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr is going to be released on 17th of this month. The final beta was released a couple of weeks ago and so am sharing with you guys, what are the new things (or welcoming changes) in Trusty Tahr.

Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

1. Menus integrated with Title Bar :


After the switch to Unity has been made, the menu bar has always stayed at the top bar. Even when the window is resized to a smaller one, to access its menu, one has to go to the top bar. This really irked many of us. But in Trusty Tahr, you can make a choice :
  • Stay with menu being displayed the top bar
  • Get the menu on the title bar of the window (called Locally Integrated Menu)
The Locally Integrated Menu is not enabled by default in Ubuntu 14.04. But you can enable it by going to 'System Settings' -> 'Appearance' -> 'Beahviour'. Under 'Show the menus for a window section', select 'In the window's title bar'.
Locally Integrated Menus in Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr
The Locally Integrated Menu in action

2. Menu bar adjusted according to the window size :

This one is a nice addition too. Guess what will happen when you've got menu on the title bar and shrink the window horizontally ? The window width cannot be decreased below a certain level. If the window width gets smaller than what can hold all the menus, the rest of the menu are grouped into a down arrow and when you click on the arrow, you'll get the rest of the menus.

Compact Menu bar in Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr
The menu bar adjusted to the window width in Ubuntu 14.04

3. Lock Screen :

In the previous versions of Ubuntu, after the user has locked his account, a blank screen appears. Then you are presented with the Account locked window waiting for you to enter your password. But in Ubuntu 14.04, the lock screen resembles the welcome screen ( the initial login screen). When you lock your account, you are taken directly to the new lock screen.

New lock screen in Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr
The new seamless lock screen

4. Lock Account Shortcut :

The default Lock Account Shortcut in the previous versions of Ubuntu was Ctrl + Alt + L (pretty tough). But Trusty has got the same shortcut as in Windows for locking the user account - WinKey + L. In ubuntu terms, you can call it Super + L. You can also use the old key combo. Both work BTW.

5. No more recursive searching when you type file names :

The one more annoyance caused in Ubuntu 13.10 (Actually, because of Nautilus update) was when you type the file name to search for it in the current directory, it did not traverse through the current directory's matching files, but instead recursively through the subdirectories as well. This was fixed in Trusty.

One might say what is wrong with recursive listing ? Even if i want only the files with the current directory, all the recursively matched files are listed. If you want to recursively list the matching files, you can use the search option. That is the very reason why the search option exists.

No recursive file search in Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr
How the file name you typed was handled in Ubuntu 13.10 and in Ubuntu 14.04

6. Even Smaller Unity launcher icon :

The Unity launcher icons can be resized to get even smaller. I may not find it useful but some might. Too small launcher icon would be a headache too

Smaller unity launcher icons in Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr
Ubuntu 13.10 Launcher Icon Size Minimum vs Ubuntu 14.04 Launcher Icon Size Minimum

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